HIV / AIDS and Young People - FACTS

pic_article_0101.jpgUnfortunately, this is not just a virus for adults – it’s a big problem for young people too. Children and young people are constantly under enormous peer-pressure to have a sexual experience. Parents and carers can help them to understand the realities instead of the fears and myths around HIV/AIDS. An open, clear and caring communication is vital.

  • HIV stands for ‘Human Immunodeficiency Virus’, which spreads through body fluids such as blood, semen, pre-semen, vaginal fluids and breast milk.
  • The HIV virus can also be found in saliva (spit), sweat and tears, but only in very low amounts. These body fluids are not known to spread HIV infection.
  • To become infected with HIV, the virus must have a way into your body. This can occur during unprotected sex (vaginal, anal, oral) or when needles or other injecting (skin-piercing) equipments are shared. Sharing sex toys can also spread the virus from one partner to another.

What should you do if you learn that your child, your child’s friend, student or family member is HIV positive?

HIV is a tragic illness that profoundly impacts the one who is sick, loved ones and friends.

Encourage them to see the doctor or local health clinic for HIV testing. Ask about anonymous HIV testing, if necessary. 

If they have become HIV positive, then their sex partner(s), or others with whom they have shared needles or other injecting equipment must be told that they also may have been in contact with the virus. They will have to decide if they wish to be tested for HIV.

If you or members of your family are mentally and emotionally distressed, 2as1 Counsellors are specially trained to provide support and help. 

Call today on 0700 2222 700 (local rate)


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